How do psychological theory help me to understand the development and desires of an person?
To answer this kind of question I will use the Example of Steve. John is actually a twenty-five year old adult who have identifies the next as his key problems: low self-pride, low self-assurance, excessive alcohol consumption and occasional recreational drug use, depressive disorder and anxiousness; particularly sociable anxiety with members from the opposite sexual.
To begin comprehending the development and desires of Ruben I will check out the generally recognized lifespan through which each individual progress. This is a continuing process by birth till death and consists of five stages relating to era: infancy, child years, adolescence, adulthood and elderly adulthood. Each and every stage five strands of development happen: social, physical, emotional, cognitive and ethnical, referred to as SPECC. Similarly the needs needed to meet every developmental stage can be categorised by the same terms.
Childhood (Birth-2 years)
Cognitive-growth of language from babbling to first words and phrases.
Emotional- connect develops with carer.
Discussion, repetition, confident encouragement.
Consistency, love and affection.
The child years (2-12 years)
Physical- develops muscular control, potty training.
Emotional- recognises self as person in individual right.
Independence of choice, respect.
Adolescence (12-21 years)
Social- transition from education to employment.
Support, advice and reassurance.
Adulthood (21-65 years)
Social-personal social actions may be reduced due to require of parent responsibilities. Cognitive- further training/re-training, return to education. Make coming back own cultural needs devoid of guilt.
Options, support and encouragement.
More mature Adulthood (65 onwards)
Emotional-social isolation may increase.
Cultural-may have got time for new interests and hobbies due to retirement
Options, support and encouragement.
Needs are certainly not separate entities but quite definitely interrelate to one another. " They cannot function individually but keep a complex and inseparable relationship to each other. вЂќ (E. Bingham et al, 2009, pg. 77) Once assessing John's needs naturally it becomes apparent that to be able to meet his social needs successfully initially his psychological and physical needs must be met. John's alcohol/drug improper use must be tackled and was able to have an optimistic impact in reducing his depression and anxiety prior to his dependence on social discussion and building meaningful and lasting human relationships is likely to do well.
The Psychodynamic perspective pioneered by Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) focusses on how our character is formed, stages it undergoes, and how it functions on a regular basis. The psychodynamic approach statements we have 3 levels of pondering, conscious, pre-conscious, and unconscious, often symbolised as a great iceberg Erik Erikson regognised Freud's function and even though he arranged most of the personality is by teenage life he did not agree with Freud's psychosexual point of view and instead produced the life expectancy identified previous to include interpersonal factors such as the influence of peers and work groups, thus creating a psychological perspective. Erikson believed which the main objective in life was for personality. This theory is referred to as Erikson's Eight Levels. At each stage a crisis is usually presented and depending on the end result being confident or unfavorable the person builds up a вЂvirtue' such as Hope and Goal. A conclusion of positive outcomes then results in the consumer becoming competent in all parts of life. Erikson's theory suggests that if a stage is resolved with a adverse outcome in that case this will hamper successful resolution of succeeding stages and definitely will lead to psychological difficulties in later on. Erikson's fourth stage is market versus inferiority and poses the question " How can I do well? вЂќ with all the basic...